Like all other living creatures, bugs are an essential part of the world’s ecosystem. But most of us are not so happy when we find bugs that have infested our homes.
Here are some of the most common tiny bugs in houses and how to get rid of them and prevent further infestations.
Even if you are a clean freak, you do have dust mites in your home. These microscopic mites reside in mattresses, carpets, bedding, upholstery, and other fabric items in your home. They feed on dead human skin cells, which make up most of the dust in your house.
While they are not parasites and will not bite you, dust mites are responsible for creating one of the most common allergens causing dust allergies and worsening asthma in millions of people.
In order to keep the population of dust mites under control, you will need to deep clean your home meticulously and regularly. This includes vacuuming your carpeting and upholstered furniture at least once a week, washing all bedding with hot water weekly, vacuuming and deep cleaning the mattresses and pillows on a regular basis, and so on. An air purifier can help keep the levels of airborne dust in your home under control too.
To keep your kid’s toys free of dust mites, either wash them in hot water or, if not possible, seal them in Ziploc bags and place them in the freezer for 48 hours which will kill the microscopic mites.
These tiny beetles with recognizable snouts actually include more than 95,000 different insect species. The weevils which you may notice in your home are usually found in the kitchen. They can enter your home along with your groceries, and once they make themselves at home can inhabit your pantry, where they will start to reproduce.
If you discover that you have an infestation of weevils, you should go ahead and clean out your pantry and kitchen from any open dry foods, including oats, flour, rice, pasta, cornmeal, and other items which are unsealed.
You should also throw away other boxes which contain soup mixes, gelatin, or other sealed items where the tiny bugs may have entered and laid their eggs.
Once the pantry or cupboard is empty, wash all shelves and walls, and use a safe household insecticide to spray the area. Once the infested area is all clean, you can restock it once again and make sure that you don’t keep open packages and boxes of dry foods to prevent further infestations.
These tiny oval-shaped beetles can enter your home by flying in through windows and doors. While the adult carpet beetles won’t harm your home or you, their larvae which the bugs lay in carpets, furniture, clothing, and other fabrics, will feed on any natural fibers, including wool, leather, silk, feathers, and even dead insects, and can damage your belongings.
It is the damage that is a tell-tale sign that you have a carpet beetle infestation.
To get rid of these pests, make sure that you vacuum all carpets and furniture and remove cobwebs and bunnies, as well as much dust as you can from all surfaces.
Wash all of your clothes with hot water, or send them off to dry cleaning.
Once you are done with the cleaning, use boric acid, diatomaceous earth, or a household insecticide to treat the carpets and furniture and to kill off any remaining larvae.
While some centipedes around the world can inflict some pretty painful bites, the good news is that the home centipedes found in the USA are not dangerous for humans. In fact, they can help control the pests in your home because they feed on some of the bad tiny bugs such as moths, flies, termites, spiders, and cockroaches.
Still, these many-legged creatures are fast and quite startling, so there is no doubt that you would want to have them out of your home.
To get rid of them, use an insecticide to spray around the doors, windows, and baseboards. Also, clean any debris around the house, and seal cracks and crevices and any other potential entry points with caulk.
Since centipedes prefer inhabiting moist and dark environments, you can try reducing the humidity in your home with a dehumidifier or other methods for lowering the moisture in the basement and other dark places in your home.
Fruit flies are very common tiny bugs that will infest homes, stores, markets, and anywhere else there is ripe, decaying, or rotting fruits and other produce, as well as fermented goods, such as beer, wine, and others.
Since fruit flies can start reproducing only 24 hours after they are hatched, things can get out of control pretty quickly once the fruit flies enter your home.
The first thing to do if you notice that you have fruit flies is to remove any soft fruits and produce which are left uncovered or out of the refrigerator. Then wipe all counters, cutting boards, dishes, and others, and throw out the garbage.
To prevent further infestations, make sure that you store soft fruits and veggies in the refrigerator at all times and take your garbage out every day.
If you still can find fruit flies in your home after the cleaning, you can make an insect trap. Fill a small container with some apple cider vinegar, add a tablespoon of liquid dish soap, and add warm water. This will attract the flies and trap them.
These common smelly bugs typically prefer to live and reproduce outdoors, but when the temperatures drop, they will enter indoors to hide and hibernate.
To prevent them from entering your home this fall, make sure that you check and fill any cracks and crevices with caulk and repair any windows and screens which can let in these stinky bugs.
Since they like moist environments, check for any leaky pipes and other water sources outside of your home, and make sure that you don’t leave any food lying around in your home.
If your home is already infested with stink bugs, do not attempt to squish them because they will release a very nasty smell that will attract even more bad bugs.
The easiest way to get rid of them is to vacuum them, but once you are done, dispose of the dust bag immediately to prevent the smell.
The majorities of ants found in North America are harmless and will do more good than bad, even when they enter your home. Still, having these relentless bugs marching around your house can be annoying.
Some of them, though, can actually cause damage to the wood furniture, floors, and other items in your home.
To get rid of the ants in your home, you can use ant baited traps. For problems with ants outdoors, you can use an insecticide to drench the ant nest.
Once the ants are gone from your home, make sure that you wash and vacuum the floors and other surfaces regularly to remove any scents which they have left and which can lead to future infestations.
Cockroaches are not as tiny as many of the other common bugs that infest households. They are among the most feared and hated insects that can enter your home.
They can enter through sewer pipes and drains and through cracks and other entry points, and some of them can even fly in through the windows attracted by the light.
Unfortunately, cockroach infestations are among the most stubborn ones to deal with due to the resistance which these pests have grown to most pesticides and because they breed and reproduce very quickly.
They can also carry harmful bacteria into your home and can cause allergies and worsen asthma.
To deal with cockroaches, you can place cockroach traps or other insecticides in the places where they are most commonly found, such as behind the toilet, under the fridge, under the sink, and more.
Make sure to check the traps and change them regularly.
In the meantime, make sure that you don’t keep any food uncovered and unsealed, and throw out the garbage on a daily basis. You may also want to remove any dog and cat bowls once your pets have finished eating to prevent attracting more roaches.
Drain flies, as their name suggests, reside in the drains of your shower, sink, and others. They lay their eggs and feed on the gunk, which is collected in the drain pipes, especially in partially or fully clogged pipes and drains.
If you notice these tiny flies flying around the drain of your sink or shower, you can assume that one of the drains in your home is clogged. Find out which one is causing the problem and take action to remove the clogging using a plunger, a drain snake, or one of the many drain cleaning solutions available on the market.
Once you are done unclogging the drain, pour some enzyme cleaner to flush out any remaining eggs from the pipes.
The silverfish is a nasty little wingless nocturnal bug which is one that nobody wants in their home.
This primitive bug will eat various household items and materials, including fabric, cardboard, paper, glue, and others.
Since they come out at night and usually hide from people, you should look for signs that your home may be infested by silverfish, such as damage caused by feeding, tiny feces, and yellow stains and scales, and others.
To get rid of silverfish from your home, you can use special silverfish traps, different insecticides, or the safe and natural diatomaceous earth or boric acid.
You should also clean out any old newspaper piles, cardboard boxes and remove any other paper, cardboard, fabric junk from your home.
Ensure that you store your off-season clothes in closed plastic bins and keep any dry goods in sealed containers.